Preparing for Joint Replacement Surgery
III. When You Get Home
What to Expect, What to Watch For, & How to Recover Safely
When you leave the hospital, your family will need to bring extra pillows for you to sit on in the car. It will be most comfortable to sit in the front seat. Your physical therapist will show you how best to get in and out.
All of the tubes will be out. All that should remain is a bandage on your wound site. If you have been instructed to use an abduction wedge you will still need to use this at night when you are sleeping.
You’ll need to continue taking medications as prescribed by your doctor. You may be sent home with prescriptions for preventing blood clots, some of which require monitoring through blood draws two times per week. Make sure to take pain medication 30 minutes before exercises—it’s easier to prevent pain than to chase it later.
Your surgeon may recommend taking a multi-vitamin with iron daily for a month. You may also be advised to take 1-2 enteric-coated aspirin daily for 6 weeks and non-steroid anti-inflammatory medication for pain and swelling unless you are on blood thinners such as Coumadin or Lovenox. Check with your doctor about special precautions while on these bloodthinning medications.
After hip replacement, you will need to observe some important safety rules to help prevent dislocation. Here are some of the most frequently advised precautions. Review them with your surgeon and discuss how many months you will need to follow these, or any other safety rules prescribed after surgery:
- Don’t bend your hip past 90º
- Don’t cross your legs; keep knees 12-18 inches apart
- Don’t lean forward while sitting in a chair
- Don’t sit on a chair that does not have arms
- Don’t lean forward while sitting in bed
- Don’t sit more than 60 minutes at a time; get up and walk frequently
- Don’t sit on a toilet or commode that does not have handles or side arms
- Don’t let your knee move inward past your navel
- Don’t turn your feet in or out
- Do use pillows between your legs at night to keep your hips properly aligned
Ask your occupational therapist about special equipment to help you do routine things for yourself without placing your hip in danger of dislocation. These tools include:
- Dressing sticks – to help you put on and take off your pants or underwear
- Long shoe horns – to help you put on your shoes
- Elastic shoe laces – to make your laced shoes into slip-ons
- Grabber – to help you pick up things without bending over, reach items from high and low shelves, get clothes in an out of front loading washers and dryers, etc.
- Long-handled sponge – to help reach without stretching inappropriately
- Soap on a rope – to prevent bending to retrieve items in the shower
- Extender for woman’s razor – for shaving legs safely
- Raised commode seat – to put your knees in proper position below hips
- Bathtub benches and handrails – to improve bathroom safety
- Handheld shower – for washing while seated
- Long-handled feather duster – for dusting low and high items
- Long handled Johnny Mop – for cleaning out the tub or shower